Back to the roots: Java Road conversion

It would take a pilgrim months or years to study all the stone sculpture on the terraced mountain of Buddhist art in Java. The thousand plus year old shrine of Borobudur in Java forms nearly three miles of sculptured stonw pathways for the Buddhist pilgrims to ascend. It is considered a treasure of beauty that can hold its own against the Taj Mahal, the Church of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, the Temple and Altar of Heaven at Peking, Giotto’s frescoes and others. ….

---Borobudur is the name of a Buddhist temple located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, which is the biggest temple in Indonesia. Borobudur Temple was built by using the / – 55,000 m3 of rock. This building height to the top is 42m, with a base width of 123 m. It is upright and sturdy mount to the sky and part of the history of 12th-century-old.When exactly this temple was founded is not known with certainty. The absence of written evidence caused the full darkness of Borobudur. borobudur Determination of age was conducted by observing the basic pattern and carved temple-style carvings, showing pattern of Central Java at 8th century BC. This Buddhist temple has 1460 relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in the complex. Millions of people longing to visit the buildings which is included in UNESCO World Wonder Heritages. ---

The art of Southeast Asia is Indian in its inspiration. It would never have come into existence if Indian navigation had not brought their culture with them to these distant lands. At the same time these monuments of Indian art outside India have a character of their own; indeed , each Indianized Southeast Asian country adapted Indian art to suit its own local genius. The masons and sculptors must have been natives, not Indians; but they seized upon, and developed, the Indian style as avidly as the peoples of Middle America made themselves adepts in sixteenth and seventeenth century western European styles after the Spanish conquest.

The flowering of Indian art in Southeast Asia is more remarkable, however, considering that there was no military conquest here. The Indian penetration of Southeast Asia was peaceful. The Indians came as traders and as missionaries first of Hinduism and then of Buddhism. There is no reason to think that their numbers were large, but the monuments they inspired show that their cultural influence was profound.

"At every level carved reliefs on the walls of the temple, Borobudur has a different reliefs 2670. These reliefs read clockwise or called mapradaksina in Old Javanese language derived from Sanskrit meaning is daksina east. These reliefs variety of story content, among other reliefs jātaka.Keseluruhan story reliefs in Borobudur temple reflect the Buddha’s teachings. Reading the stories are always the starting relief, and ends on the east side of the gate at every level, start on the left and right ends of the gate. So obviously that is east of the ascent of the real (main) and to the top of the temple, indicating that the main gate of the Borobudur temple facing the east like most other Buddhist temples."

This Indian tradition of peaceful conversion persisted. Islam, in its turn, was propagated peacefully in Indonesia and Malaya by Moslem traders in the fifteenth century, and Islam did not extirpate Buddhism and Hinduism in Indonesia. It was content to overlay them with an Islamic veneer resulting in a culture of Moslem on the surface and Hindu beneath.

Borobudur, the outstanding monument of Buddhism in central Java, was built, so the archaeologists reckon, in the first quarter of the ninth century of the Christian Era. Built? Carved? Shaped? All three words are apposite.

"Prince Siddharta Gautama shaves the hair off his head as the sign to decline his status as ksatriya (warrior class) and become sn ascetic hermit, his servants holds his sword, crown, and princely jewelry while his horse Kanthaka stood on right. Bas-relief panel at Borobudur, Java, Indonesia."

The stupa at Borobudur has been shaped in the sense that here human art has co-operated with the beauty of nature. The shapers of the stupa at Borobudur in Java, like the shapers of the Acropolis at Athens, picked out for the nucleus of their masterpiece a hill that was beautiful in itself and with its natural beauty enhanced by its setting. The stupa and the Acropolis have this feature in common, and it has been the making of each of them, though the contrast between the two landscapes is, of course, extreme. The beauty of the Mediterranean and Near Eastern landscape lies in its stark simplicity.

The mountains are bare, their skylines are clear cut and highly individual, the colors are few and pure. The quintessence of this type of landscape in conveyed in the backgrounds of pictures of the Umbrian school of Italian art. The tropical landscape is soft, its outlines are blurred, its colors are more brilliant, more varied and more subtle. Both Javanese and Attic architects and artists knew how to bring out the beauty that the local landscape had offered to them.

John Weldon: Nichiren Shoshu (NS) claims to represent true Buddhism and to offer the world a scientifically enlightened form of religious practice. It teaches that by worshiping the Gohonzon, a sacred mandala, believers can bring their lives into harmony with ultimate reality, producing wealth, success, and health. However, NS constitutes a late form of Buddhism whose emphasis upon materialism would have been repudiated by the Buddha. Furthermore, its claim to be compatible with Christianity is contradicted by its Buddhist philosophy and basic approach to life. Recording stars Tina Turner, Herbie Hancock, Larry Coryell, and Wayne Shorter all have something in common besides gold r

ds: like hundreds of thousands of other Americans, they are followers of Nichiren Shoshu Buddhism (NS). NS is among the most influential of the new religions that have come on the scene in recent decades. Overall, the movement claims 17 million members in over 117 countries.1 As a mystical faith with a materialistic emphasis (one that constantly stresses its "scientific" nature), it is uniquely suited for success in America.

Read More:

Read More:

buddhism offers an alternative account of creation to the one prevalent in the abrahamic religions. in the first instance buddhism focuses on the emergence of buddha-nature, not on the creation of the world. but more importantly, buddhism espouses the opposite of the concept of “original sin”. in buddhism we are all born with “original buddhahood”. we are all perfect and complete as we are, or in abrahamic terms, essential human nature is saintly. the problem of samsara, or sin in abrahamic terms, arises as we live our lives in society and in the world. it arises because we fail to realize and become cognoscente of our own essential buddha-nature. if buddhahood is a state of consciousness, it is not the case that we lose our buddha-nature when we become alienated from that state of consciousness.  Read More:

estranged from buddha consciousness our existences become a semblance of that life of quite desperation h. d. thoreau so beautifully spoke of. (to be more precise, buddhism is ‘also’ a state of consciousness, as we need to become consciously aware of it and intuitively immersed within it, but, paraphrasing buber, it starts as consciousness but it cannot end there. it has to become a state of the whole-being). we repair (tikkun) our innate buddha-nature as we restore the consciousness of its existence within us. but how do we come to lose that consciousness we are born with? … to make this intellectual and emotional connection between what is, as is, and the buddha- nature which is what is, as is, its the real difficulty of all life. using spinoza’s language, buddha-nature sive nature, they are one and the same thing. buddhism does not dwell much on the issue of the loss of the buddha consciousness, it focuses more on how to restore it. it is my belief however that it is essential to have a clear understanding as to how buddha- nature becomes lost in the swamp that is capitalist-materialistic culture. … Read More:

This entry was posted in Art History/Antiquity/Anthropology, Feature Article, Ideas/Opinion, Literature/poetry/spoken word, Miscellaneous, Visual Art/Sculpture/etc. and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>