Private judgement. A heresy? Out of the unintelligible Jakob Boehme, a number of heretical mystics evolved their ideas into the heresy of English deism, a deism as the matrix of the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century, but landing many in the theological doghouse…
More intelligible to us than Neo-Platonism , but also more heretical, was the most rational of all Reformation heresies, Socianism or Socinianism. The real founder of Socianism was Erasmus, who was the first to prove that the only text in the New Testament which could be used as evidence for the doctrine of the Trinity was a late and fraudulent interpolation. He did this in 1516. The Socinians drew the obvious conclusion that God was one, not three, and thus revived, in an uncompromising form but on purely intellectual grounds, the old Arian heresy.
They also believed in the complete disestablishment of the Church and in toleration. The established churches-Protestant and Catholic alike- expressed horror at such monstrous ideas, and, between the two, the Socians had a thin time of it. They found a refuge, first in Poland, then,when the Jesuits came to Poland, in Holland. From Holland, in the seventeenth century, they exercised great influence in England, sometimes even within the established church.
Whether he was a disciple of Jakob Boehme or not, Newton was certainly a Socian. So was John Locke. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the Socians were regarded as the intellectual leaders of the English dissenters. Ultimately, even the established churches have caught up with them. Since the eighteenth century, Protestants have generally believed that Erasmus was right about the New Testament references to the Trinity. Even the Pope has not tried to deny it since 1898. But neither the pope, nor the Archbishop of Canterbury, nor the Lutherans, nor the Calvinists, nor the Greek Orthodox Church has yet come to the more radical “Socian” conclusion that God is not three but one. That, at this time of day, would be too difficult.
(see link at end) …The further development of ideas of anti-trinitarians was socian movement – another seriously developed by Belarusian thinkers religious movement. Socians believed that Christ was a human and did not recognized the Trinity of God-Son, God-Father and God-Spirit in Christ. Socians expanded their beliefs to social relations. The extreme socians like Martyn Chehovich considered that Christians cannot participate in war and even touch arms, cannot own land or servants, they have generally denied the idea of the power of men and recognized only the power of God. To some extent it was an ancient form of anarchy. The power of state was endangered because Community Meetings were ruling socian brotherhoods. Symon Budny and Vasil’ Cyapinski were among socian brothers. All lands where socian communities were appearing were busy organizing schools , shelters, hospitals. This has reached not only aristocracy but poor people too. The education was valued above all. The socian aristocracy refused their property and divided it among poor. Lately most of socians were expelled from the country by Jesuits and Orthodox Church. They ended up in the Netherlands and many of them left for America. …
…The Christian followers of this movement directed their attention to the translation of the ancient judaic literature and middle age Jewish-Arabian texts. They were seeking the truth undistorted with multiple christian translations. The ideas of this movement promoted a strong intellectual exchange between Judaic and Christian communities. They have spread north up to Novgorod (by Shariya) and south to Hungary. The Hungarian judazantists were openly using Jewish Old Testament, Talmud and other works of Judaism in their practice.
Another heretical belief that was a predecessor of reformation was a movement of non-acquiring (“Nestiaz^acieli”). It was one of the moral foundations to criticize the low ethical level and greed of both Orthodox and Catholic Christian priests. …Read More:http://www.belarusguide.com/culture1/religion/Reformation.html